In lesson 3 of free Indonesian learning study program, you’ll learn more words for adjectives.



Why to Learn Indonesian Adjectives

Learning Indonesian adjectives is one of the most essential parts of the whole learning process. It is because a sentence itself comprises of several words representing a subject, a predicate, an object, and sometimes an adverb. And a subject or an object can contain a noun and one or more adjectives. Learning the most used adjectives can diversify even a simple sentence and change it into a more complex structure. An adjective is an inseparable part of a noun, and can give the whole sentence more meaningful.

How to Learn Indonesian Adjectives

There are many ways of how to learn Indonesian adjectives. The most effective way would be just try to build up your overall vocabulary, and try to separate the nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. As there are 2 kinds of adjectives, try to separate these 2 groups too and see the difference. This can help you study the words more easily.

The first group of adjectives contains just a simple word, without any prefix or suffix, while the other group of adjectives contains a prefix and/or a suffix. An interesting fact about these 2 different groups is that most of the time the meaning of one group contradicts the meanings of those from the other group. This can somehow help you remember the meanings of these words while studying them.

Another interesting fact of the adjectives in Indonesian language is that the adjective is placed after a noun, which is the contrary of the English language where the adjective precedes the noun.

Summary of Learning Indonesian Adjectives

  1. Find & read as many readings as possible. The recommended literature you can use would be newspaper or magazine focusing on politics and economics. It is due to the fact that most articles about serious topics such as politics and economics use formal Indonesian language, and not colloquial (slang) Indonesian which could be confusing for new learners. Unless you’re learning the spoken Indonesian, you can use less formal literature such as magazines for teens or comic books for kids, or even watch some Indonesian movies or listen to Indonesian songs and try to write down the lyrics.
  2. Try to find new (difficult) words and phrases.
  3. Make several sections within the book, each containing a list of nouns, verbs, and adjectives.
  4. Make another division within the adjective section, one group containing root words only, which have no prefix or suffix, and the other containing prefix and/or suffix.
  5. Look up the meanings of all those words in the dictionary. It’d best to use old fashioned dictionary instead of the online version so that you can find the examples of sentences using the words you’re looking for.
  6. Write down all the possible meanings of all the words you’ve written down.
  7. Compare the differences between the 2 groups of those adjectives.
  8. Study (memorize) all the words.
  9. Try to make sentences out of those words, and if possible, try to make a composition using all the new words.

Learning Bahasa Indonesia could be a challenging process for some people, however you can also make it a fun process if you want to.

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